Forest Science for people and societal challenges The 90th “Marin Drăcea” INCDS Anniversary

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The network of arboretums managed by “Marin Drăcea” National Institute for Research and Development in Forestry includes the largest collection of woody, arborescent and shrubby plants in Romania, cultivated in four regions and different seasonal conditions. The age of the specimens and the high diversity in each arboretum allows the realization of complex observations and studies, the importance of the arboretums within the “Marin Drăcea” National Institute for Research and Development in Forestry being given by their unique character.

Short presentation

Since its foundation, the “Marin Drăcea” National Institute for Research and Development in Forestry has had as its primary objective the research and development of knowledge in the forestry field, in order to develop, preserve and protect the national forest heritage.

 

At the same time, the Institute had the mission of assessing forest resources, identifying the adaptive and productive capacity of native and exotic species. Thus, experimental networks were created that included comparative cultures of origins, experimental cultures of exotic species of forestry interest and dendrological collections. Later, as a result of nationalization (1948), the institute took over the administration of several dendrological parks (arboretums), contributing to the development of these collections and elaborating studies on the acclimatization and productivity of numerous exotic species of forestry interest: black walnut, pond cypress, virginia juniper, large magnolia, tulip tree, etc.

 

At the end of the 20th century, leading personalities of Romanian forestry (Iuliu Moldovan) laid the foundations of the first dendrological collections (Mihăești-Argeș, Dofteana-Bacău), which later evolved into valuable and impressive dendrological parks intended, mainly, for studying the acclimatization conditions of some exotic species of trees and shrubs of forestry interest.

 

The purpose of the dendrological collections itself resides in the passage taken from the work of Professor Alexandru Borza (…), which is still very relevant: “The purpose of dendrological parks is particularly important for science and for the national economy, although the general public considers them primarily ornamental and recreational parks. The wonderful park of Simeria has been fulfilling its triple mission for many decades, evolving in recent times to the role of a first-rate forestry research station. (…) A visit to this scientific factory, which completes a long-lasting “magnum experimentum”, is instructive and comforting. The recently enlarged and perfectly cared for nurseries are an opportunity to perpetuate the roots of such a park, which has so far refreshed and enriched our botanical gardens and public parks with precious species and will contribute to the foundation of new, valuable forests from now on.”

 

 

 

 

Arboretums

Bazoș Arboretum

In the eastern part of the municipality of Timișoara, within the range of Bucovăț commune, Bazoșu Nou locality, Timiș county

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Hemeiuș Arboretum

In the northern part of the city of Bacău, 11 km from the city center, in Hemeiuș township, Bacău county.

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Mihaesti Arboretum

Located 20 km South from the city of Câmpulung and 30 km North-East from the city of Pitesti, Argeș county.

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Simeria Arboretum

Located in the northern part of the city of Simeria, Hunedoara county.

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