Forest Science for people and societal challenges The 90th “Marin Drăcea” INCDS Anniversary

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Contract:PN-III-CEI-H2020-ERA. Nr. 77/2017
Project duration: 2017-2021
Budget: 180 000 EURO
Funding: European Research Area for Climate Services (ERA4CS), ERA4CS an ERA-NET initiated by JPI Climate, and funded by DLR (DE), BMWFW (AT), MINECO (ES), UEFISCDI (RO) with co-funding by the European Union (Grant 863470)

Project coordinator from INCDS:

Senior researcher II Dr. Nicu Constantin Tudose


Project objectives:

The overall project goal was to enhance the existing portfolio of climate services with a conceptually and methodologically meaningful approach to the WELFN, from which coherent policies could be derived.

To achieve this goal, the following research objectives have been specified:

  1. To co-develop the novel Synergistic Climate Services Integrated Nexus Framework (SCINF), a new cross-sectoral frame for the conceptual integration of climate services and policy making through the lens of the WELFN;
  2. To analyze WELFN-related social, economic, institutional and environmental dynamics in case studies (touristic urban region, agricultural region, river basin) of three European regions, considering the interactions of the WELFN with past droughts;
  3. To co-develop with policy makers evidence-based decision-support products derived from the SCINF, integrating existing regional climate scenario data with data from those sectors found relevant (water, agriculture, urban, forest);
  4. To disseminate the results and their related uncertainties for their use by the policy makers and overall stakeholder community of each case and beyond

Project activities:


A1.2. Management board meeting organization and coordination.

A2.1. To develop the theoretical framework for the SCINF using an inductive approach, building knowledge from: 1) evidence collected through bottom-up interactions with policy and decision makers, 2) previous experiences within the research teams and 3) a literature review.

A2.2. To enhance the quality and identify gaps in the SCINF with stakeholders from each case study, and incorporate their feedback, hence improving its usefulness and transferability.

A2.3. To incorporate all the feedback from all the case studies, put together perspectives, and reformulate those aspects found necessary before launching the SCINF.

A3.1. Compilation of data on hydrological, meteorological parameters and urban water consumption as well as modeling activities of the interaction between the Tărlung hydrographic basin and the city of Brașov by exploiting the semi-distributed Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) model

A3.5. Calibration and validation of all models.

A4.1. Stakeholder elicitation using focus groups, co-developing the SCINF with policy and decision makers and gathering all the information that would be later integrated in the products.

A4.4. Co-production of information relevant to stakeholders about integrated land use management, in order to improve water supply and reduce climate change derived risks.

A5.1. Workshop for policy and decision makers.

A6.1. Preparation of press materials with a focus on the relevance of co-benefits between adaptation and mitigation, accompanied by activity in social media.

A6.2. Preparation of press materials for academic outlets (, Science Daily, AlphaGalileo).

Project results:

The main results of the CLISWELN project consisted in publishing a number of academic working papers, deliverables and hydrological model, as can be seen on the project website

The most important results are:

  • Presentation of current policies on the connection between water-energy-land-food nexus and climate services;
  • Hydrological model of Tarlung river basin
  • Establishment land use management of Tarlung watershed in the context of climate changes;
  • Scenarios regarding socio-economic dynamics in the context of climate changes;
  • Information about trade-offs and synergies among alternative socio-economic, policy and land use and management scenarios under climate change;
  • Good practice guide regarding land use management from Tarlung river basin;
  • Press release for concepts and findings in the case studies, with a focus on the between adaptation and mitigation, accompanied by activity in social media;

Those results were disseminated in a number of academic working papers as follows:

  1. Challenges and opportunities of knowledge co-creation for the water-energy-land nexus
  2. Climate services for sustainable resource management: The water−energy−land nexus in the Tărlung river basin (Romania)
  3. Assessment of Seasonal Surface Runoff under Climate and Land Use Change Scenarios for a Small Forested Watershed: Upper Tarlung Watershed (Romania)
  4. Mainstreaming the nexus approach in climate services will enable coherent local and regional climate policies
  5. SWAT Model Adaptability to a Small Mountainous Forested Watershed in Central Romania
  6. Guiding cities under increased droughts: The limits to sustainable urban futures
  7. Assessing the vulnerability of water resources in the context of climate changes in a small forested watershed using SWAT: A review
  8. Ten principles to integrate the water-energy-land nexus with climate services for co-producing local and regional integrated assessments

Project partners:

  1. Helmholtz-Zentrum Hereon (HZG), Germany
  2. Universität für Bodenkultur Wien (BOKU), Department of Economics and Social Sciences – Institute for Sustainable Economic Development having its registered office at Feistmantelstraße 4, 1180 Wien, Austria
  3. Centro de Investigación Ecológica y Aplicaciones Forestales (CREAF), having its registered office at Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona, Edifici C, 08193 Bellaterra, Spain
  4. ”Marin Drăcea” National Instutite for Research and Development in Forestry (INCDS), having its registered office at Eroilor Street 128, 077190 Voluntari, Ilfov County, Romania